Changes in kitchen design often reflected economic and societal changes. Over 100 years later, kitchens are still evolving – offering cleaner designs with better functionality, but this achievement has taken centuries of innovations. Row houses or brownstones traditionally kept their kitchens on the bottom floor and out of the way of the main entrance to the home. It incorporated space saving features like upper and lower cabinetry, in-cabinet storage spaces for things like flour and sugar, and often featured a pullout work surface. Of course, other countries and cultures have important home histories and influences as well, and I hope to cover those topics in the future. The manufacturing advancements and housing boom of post-World War II made a huge impact on the kitchen of today. Most of the appliances and gadgets subsequently added date … They definitely weren’t rooms meant for hosting guests or entertaining. Because much of our architectural influence came from Europe, and because of the rich sources of historical information, I’ve chosen England as one example in which to discuss historical kitchens prior to the 1800’s. Just before the turn of the century Hoosier manufacturing company revolutionized kitchens with their cabinets. Over time the general layout of the home changed and the central, great hall was sub-divided. There was an increased demand for kitchen technology and equipment. 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Servants were necessary to not only cook but also take care of and clean the increasing amounts of cutlery, dishware, gadgets and ovens. Later on, simple masonry constructions were used to hold the wood and food. The idea of the “fitted kitchen,” wherein appliances were becoming more integrated within cabinetry, was an important transformation for the kitchen in the 1930’s and 1940’s. Notice the round wheel above the fireplace; this would have held a Turnspit Dog. A contemporary kitchen layout with the kitchen open to the dining area and family room. While one trend is a bit of a throw-back, looking backwards to a simpler time in our kitchen history, the other trend is shooting for the future. During the 19th century, large homes in America continued to employ servants for most household chores, including kitchen work like cooking, prepping and cleaning. What events transpired to allow us the luxury of the kitchen we know today? 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